|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]安立宝,董帅.碳纳米管掺杂及其应用技术研究进展[J].南京工业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(03):395-402.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1671-7627.2019.03.019]
 AN Libao,DONG Shuai.Progress on carbon nanotube doping and its applications[J].Journal of NANJING TECH UNIVERSITY(NATURAL SCIENCE EDITION),2019,41(03):395-402.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1671-7627.2019.03.019]
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碳纳米管掺杂及其应用技术研究进展()
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《南京工业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1671-7627/CN:32-1670/N]

卷:
41
期数:
2019年03期
页码:
395-402
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-05-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Progress on carbon nanotube doping and its applications
文章编号:
1671-7627(2019)03-0395-08
作者:
安立宝董帅
华北理工大学 机械工程学院,河北 唐山 063210
Author(s):
AN LibaoDONG Shuai
College of Mechanical Engineering,North China University of Science and Technology,Tangshan 063210,China
关键词:
碳纳米管 掺杂 燃料电池 锂离子电池 电容器 传感器
Keywords:
carbon nanotube doping fuel cell lithium ion battery capacitor sensor
分类号:
TN389
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1671-7627.2019.03.019
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
作为一维纳米材料,碳纳米管(CNT)在电极材料、催化、吸附等诸多领域得到了广泛应用。为了改善CNT的电学、电化学、电催化等性能,可通过掺杂其他元素或化合物对其进行改性。本文综述了近年来CNT掺杂技术及其在燃料电池、锂离子电池、电容器和传感器中的研究进展。掺杂后的CNT常被用作燃料电池电极的催化剂或催化载体,增强了电极的电导率和稳定性; 掺杂CNT结合锂盐制备的锂离子电池电极材料,可提高电极和电解质的导电性,最终改善锂离子电池的电化学性能; 作为电容器的电极材料,掺杂CNT可提高离子和电子的传输效率,从而提高电容器的能量密度和功率密度; 由掺杂CNT制备的复合薄膜作为传感材料,可使其表面活性位点增多,从而增强传感器对目标分析物的响应速度,改善传感器的灵敏度。
Abstract:
As one-dimensional nanomaterials,carbon nanotubes(CNT)have been used in many fields such as electrode material,catalysis and adsorption.CNT can be modified by doping other elements or compounds,in order to improve their electrical,electrochemical,and electrocatalytic properties.The research progress of CNT doping and its applications in fuel cells,Li-ion batteries,capacitors and sensors was briefly reviewed.Doped CNT could be used as catalyst and catalyst carrier of fuel cell electrodes for their enhancing the conductivity and stability of electrodes.The electrode material prepared by combining doped CNT and lithium salt for lithium ion battery could improve the conductivity of electrodes and electrolytes,and finally meliorate the electrochemical performance of lithium ion battery.As electrode material of capacitors,doped CNT could increase the transmission efficiency of ions and electrons,thus promote the energy density and power density of capacitors.As sensing material,composite films prepared on the basis of doped CNT could enrich their surface active sites,consequently improve the response speed to target analytes and the sensitivity of sensors.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-07-09
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51472074); 河北省百人计划(E2012100005)
作者简介:安立宝(1965—),男,博士,教授,E-mail:lan@ncst.edu.cn.
引用本文:安立宝,董帅.碳纳米管掺杂及其应用技术研究进展[J].南京工业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(3):395-402..
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-05-30